Experiencing problems with your periods because of hormonal imbalance? You’re at the right spot to know you might be dealing with this condition commonly known as PCOD or PCOS. Here we’re going to talk in length about the term, symptoms and what causes this. And furthermore, how fit lifestyle can affect this condition.
What is PCOD/PCOS?
Polycystic Ovarian Disorder or Syndrome fashionable popular as PCOD or PCOS. To begin with, there’s a difference between the two. PCOS is an endocrine system disorder whereas PCOD is a condition that arises due to hormonal imbalance. In PCOS, the production of higher levels of androgen hinders the development and releasing of eggs process. Wherein PCOD, the hormonal imbalance causes a pile of mature eggs that cannot be released resulting in the symptoms of the condition. The exact cause hasn’t been discovered but hormonal imbalance or hereditary plays a pivotal role.
Causes and Symptoms
Causes of this condition have not yet been determined. But with high levels of androgens, i.e. male sex hormones results in ovulation imbalance, acne breakout, and excess body hair growth. The symptoms, in the beginning, are mild. Here are a few symptoms:
Sometimes PCOS or hormonal imbalance causes an increase in testosterone. This increases sebum and skin cell production. Which results in acne. The most affected areas are the lower half of the face such as cheek, chin, neck, chest and upper neck. Apart from PCOS or hormonal imbalance, there’s a bacteria, Propionibacterium that can result in acne and inflammation.
Weight issues, more likely facing difficulty in losing weight
With the rapidly increasing body weight, there are a lot of other some severe disorders following you up. Few of them are Type 2 diabetes, High blood pressure, sleep apnoea and endometrial cancer and obesity on the edge. Not everyone who has PCOD is overweight. Not everyone has to lose weight.
Excess body hair growth
Thicker and darker hair growth on parts of the body and thinning of hair on the scalp.
Increased level of androgens or male hormones results in excessive body hair growth. Although females do produce androgens an increased level can lead to hirsutism
The irregularity of menstruation
Some women experience no periods at all while some bleed for days and months.
Fertility problems in older women
The increase in androgen does not allow eggs to discharge that affects the fertility. It lessens the chances of pregnancy.
Depression (Of course! Has to be there after all of this )
Oh with everything this comes handy after all the symptoms that one has to deal with. Rapidly increasing weight issues gradually take down an individual’s self-esteem and confidence to lead a healthy life and have options of leading a happy life. There are various other disorders that follow depression like anxiety, mood disorder etc.
Treatment of PCOD/PCOS (How exactly fitness cures PCOD)
To treat this, it is more important to diagnose and control insulin resistance than to suppress hyperandrogenism and ovulation induction. The treatment of PCOD aims at relieving and preventing long-term health problems. PCOD can be treated without any medication with some healthy lifestyle changes. Yes, you heard it right! It doesn’t require any medication. Neither allopathic nor homeopathic nor any ayurvedic medicines has to be consumed. All these women who have PCOD need to be aware of this. There’s no permanent cure to this. There is no magic pill to prevent you from this condition. We just need some healthy changes and adapt them to incorporate them into our regular routine.
- Weight loss isn’t just the key to cure this. You must keep working out regularly and has to keep a watch on the numbers! Walking is an ideal exercise you may opt for. Turning yourself towards the gym can make a huge difference. For some, it gets even harder there. But hey, who said it’s going to be easy? You’ll only cherish it if it comes to you after a struggle. Keeping a track of losing weight can change a lot of things. The menstrual cycle gets a bit regular.
- It’s the world’s first problem to avoid some tempting fast food. That’s the healthy change we’ve been talking about. Changing the way you nutrients can change the entire game for you. You should eat heart-healthy food that includes vegetables, nuts, fruits, whole grains, and beans. And you must avoid foods that contain saturated fats, i.e. fried food, cheese, and meat. The right diet can help you go a long way in dealing with PCOD. Including more fruits and vegetables in your diet and avoiding dairy-based products, sugar, jaggery, honey and refined cereals like Maida, sooji and white rice. Pick foods with a low glycaemic index such as wheat pasta, whole grain, brown rice, whole wheat etc.
- Quit smoking as smoking increases the androgens level in the body. Women with PCOS are at the high risk of metabolic syndrome, which may be exacerbated by smoking. Smoking worsens the androgen levels and the metabolic profile in women with PCOS/PCOD.
- Birth controlling pills to an extent does help women infertility and ovulation but it worsens the situation for the longer run. So, we here wouldn’t recommend. But for more knowledge over this point, women with PCOD/PCOS must consult a gynecologist.
This is somewhat in a nutshell, what every woman dealing with PCOD must know and follow. Consulting a gynecologist is a must for an early diagnose to start with the treatments to cure the symptoms. Remember, this condition can be treated but can’t be cured. All the best!